Chapter 19
Telangana  State  Demand Built
on  a  Platform  of  Lies
The separatist leaders of Telangana frequently claim that, since the integrated state’s formation, the region has suffered because of exploitation by the people from the Kosta region. No evidence proves Kosta region’s deliberate discrimination against Nizam Telangana. Saying that, from an economic standpoint, there is no denying that the Nizam Telangana region is marginally behind the Kosta region. The main reason for the region’s backwardness was the severe beating that the economy took under Nizam’s rule. Ever since the formation of the integrated state of Andhra Pradesh, the Nizam Telangana economy grew at a faster pace than Kosta or Rayalaseema. However, separatist leaders hide this fact to incite people of one region against the other. Instead of harnessing the strengths of each region, separatist leaders of Telangana demand parity in every aspect with the Kosta region, when there are variations in geographical constitution of these regions making parity across different sectors an impossible goal to achieve.

The former Vice Chancellor of Kakatiya University, Professor Jayashankar, is often mentioned as the brains behind the separatist movement. He wrote a paper titled “Telangana Movement — The Demand for a Separate State” that is often cited by the Telangana proponents to make their case for a separate state. In this paper, Professor Jayashankar blatantly distorts facts to further his argument for a separate state. In this chapter, I will present statistical data questioning the claims of separate state proponents. For this socio-economic analysis, I primarily focus on education, irrigation, industries, and financial sector data. I relied on statistical abstracts of Andhra Pradesh for the data presented in this chapter. When I relied on other sources of data, I have provided explicit footnotes.

To compare how each region performed since the state formation, I used data for the 1956 and 2001. 1956 was the year when the state was formed, and 2001 was the year when the last census data was collected. The Indian government publishes a census every 10 years, and I used the 2001 numbers as the most recent benchmark. Of course, 2011 census numbers, when they become available, will certainly offer a more telling story.

In addition, as I present data for each region, where available, I offer a separate category for Nizam Telangana, excluding the city of Hyderabad. The capital city, Hyderabad, with its large population tends to skew the results of our analysis. I, therefore, tried to provide readers a perspective on how the Nizam Telangana districts perform economically when we exclude Hyderabad city.

Without further ado, let us jump straight into the analysis that helps us understand how each region performed over the past 50 years.

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